Karl Marx was not an atheist. A Christian as a young man, something mysterious happened to him in college which led him to
state: "I long to take vengeance on the One Who rules from above."
There is no such thing as an atheist. Agnostic,yes..but atheist no. If someone claims to be an atheist he or she has to acknowledge
that he is all knowing. That he or she has all the knowledge in the universe to say "There is no God" in essence,
would make an atheist a god.
Hippocrates, (460?-380? B.C.) was a well-known ancient physician who practiced medicine on the Greek island of Cos. Long
after his death, Hippocrates became the most famous person in ancient medicine.
Hippocrates' fame probably resulted from about 80 anonymously written medical works that became part of the collection
of the Library of Alexandria after about 200 B.C. Those writings became linked with Hippocrates and are known by scholars
as the Hippocratic corpus. However, none of these "Hippocratic" works can be proved to have been written by Hippocrates.
Hippocrates is often called the father of medicine. This image of him emerged from the writings of Galen, a great physician
who lived during the A.D. 100's and 200's. Galen believed that the life and practice of Hippocrates represented all that was
good in medicine. For example, a Hippocratic tract called Nature of Man maintained that illness was caused by an imbalance
of four different humors (liquids) in the body;blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm. This belief dominated theories
of disease until the late 1800's. To Galen, the Hippocratic oath served as a model for the ethical practice of medicine. Today,
many graduating medical students still take an oath modeled on this text.
Hippocratic medicine challenged the methods of many physicians who used magic and witchcraft to treat disease. It taught
that diseases had natural causes and could therefore be studied and possibly cured according to the workings of nature. Under
Hippocratic medicine, a well-trained physician could cure illness with knowledge gained from medical writings or from experience.
Modern medicine is still based on this assumption.
Little is known for sure about Hippocrates' life. So-called facts about his birth, medical practice, and death are more
attributable to myths or legends than to actual evidence. The earliest known biography of him is Life of Hippocrates, by Soranus,
a Roman physician. This work was published about A.D. 100, more than 400 years after Hippocrates' death.
John Scarborough, Ph.D., Professor, History of Pharmacy and Medicine and Classics, University of Wisconsin.